In order to understand the Rosenwald Schools in Georgia, you have to know how the program got its start. After a brief search on Google for Rosenwald schools, one of the results yielded was a section on the National Trust for Historic Preservation site’s section on the Rosenwald School Program that gave a brief history of how it got started. The summary is excerpted below. The link will take you to the Rosenwald page of the National Trust for Historic Preservation Site.
The Rosenwald rural school building program was a major effort to improve the quality of public education for African Americans in the early twentieth-century South.
In 1912, Julius Rosenwald gave Booker T. Washington permission to use some of the money he had donated to Tuskegee Institute for the construction of six small schools in rural Alabama, which were constructed and opened in 1913 and 1914. Pleased with the results, Rosenwald then agreed to fund a larger program for schoolhouse construction based at Tuskegee.
In 1917 he set up the Julius Rosenwald Fund, a Chicago-based philanthropic foundation, and in 1920 the Rosenwald Fund established an independent office for the school building program in Nashville, Tennessee. By 1928, one in every five rural schools for black students in the South was a Rosenwald school, and these schools housed one third of the region’s rural black schoolchildren and teachers.
At the program’s conclusion in 1932, it had produced 4,977 new schools, 217 teachers’ homes, and 163 shop buildings, constructed at a total cost of $28,408,520 to serve 663,615 students in 883 counties of 15 states.
Links for references for Rosenwald Schools in Georgia.
Rosenwald Schools – Digital Library of Georgia
Rosenwald Schools – New Georgia Encyclopedia
- This site may be one that may interest our North Carolina researchers since it focuses on “essays exploring history and culture in Charlotte, NC, and the American South.” (Source: About section – HistorySouth.org)
Jacinta Williams, “Saving Georgia’s Rosenwald Schools,” in Reflections: Georgia African American Historic Preservation Network, vol. 1 (August 2001): 3-5.
Jeanne Cyriaque, “Fourth Grade History Sleuths Research The Watkinsville Rosenwald School,” in Reflections: Georgia African American Historic Preservation Network, vol. 11 (July 2013): 6-7.
Rosenwald Schools in Georgia, 1912-1937 – is the result of several years of research by Jeanne Cyriaque, African American Programs Coordinator at HPD and is part of a larger initiative to identify, document, and preserve the remaining Rosenwald schools in the state. The context also provides a detailed factual account of the Rosenwald Fund’s specific impact in Georgia and places its significance within the broader framework of black education in the state. (This passage was pulled directly from the Georgia African American Historic Preservation Network page.)
- Reflections is a periodical produced for Georgia African American Historic Preservation Network (GAAHPN) featuring African American resources and stories from across Georgia. Articles from older issues, dating back to December 2000, are linked by subject from our main African American resources page. (Quote pulled from Reflections site.)
Here are a list of additional resources. Links will take you to the book’s WorldCat record so you can see a list of local libraries that have the book.
- Deutsch, Stephanie. You Need a Schoolhouse; Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald and the Building of Schools for the Segregated South.
Northwestern University Press, 2011.
- Hoffschwelle, Mary S. The Rosenwald Schools of the American South. University Press of Florida, 2006.
Thanks DW for the book recommendation!
3/18/2014: Thanks CA for the video recommendations.
- ‘Schoolhouse’: Rosenwald Schools In The South – A NPR Video http://www.npr.org/2012/03/11/148066822/-schoolhouse-the-story-of-rosenwald-schools-in-the-segregated-south?utm_campaign=storyshare&utm_source=share&utm_medium=facebook
- The Rosenwald Schools – An Aviva Kempner Film http://www.rosenwaldschoolsfilm.org/home.php
This post, like many others are works in progress. If you know of other resources to add to the list, please by all means, post them in the comments!! Thanks for reading.